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NIS2 - 10 Minimum measures

Updated: Jun 6

The NIS2 Directive represents the most comprehensive European cybersecurity convention to date. With stricter requirements for risk management and incident reporting, broader sector coverage, and more severe penalties for non-compliance, hundreds of thousands of EU organizations will need to reassess their cybersecurity posture.


The NIS2 clause expands coverage from the original 7 sectors under the NIS clause by adding 8 sectors, making a total of 15 sectors.



The NIS2 mandates that essential and important entities implement basic security measures to address specific types of likely cyber threats.


These include:

  1. Risk assessments and security policies for information systems.

  2. Policies and procedures to assess the effectiveness of security measures.

  3. Policies and procedures for the use of encryption, and when relevant, encryption.

  4. A plan for handling security incidents.

  5. Security in the acquisition of systems and in the development and operation of systems, meaning policies for the handling and reporting of vulnerabilities.

  6. Training in cybersecurity and basic computer hygiene practices.

  7. Security procedures for workers with access to sensitive or important data, including data access policies. Affected organizations must also have an overview of all relevant assets and ensure these are properly utilized and managed.

  8. A plan to manage business operations during and after a security incident, meaning backups must be updated and a plan must also exist to ensure access to IT systems and their operational functions during and after a security incident.

  9. The use of multifactor authentication, continuous authentication solutions, encryption of voice, video, and text, and encrypted internal emergency communication, when appropriate.

  10. Security around supply chains and the relationship between the company and the direct supplier. Companies must choose security measures that fit the vulnerabilities of each supplier directly. Then, companies must assess the overall security level of all suppliers.



Adopting these 10 minimum measures under the NIS2 Directive marks a crucial step in fortifying the cyber infrastructure of organizations against constantly evolving digital threats. It is not just about complying with a set of legal requirements but adopting a cybersecurity culture that empowers all organizational levels. Organizations must recognize cybersecurity not as a cost but as a vital investment in their continuity, privacy, and innovation.


Furthermore, these measures emphasize the importance of a proactive and comprehensive approach to security, from prevention through to incident response and long-term resilience. By implementing these practices, organizations not only protect their digital and financial assets but also strengthen the trust of their customers, partners, and society at large.


In summary, compliance with NIS2 and the integration of these 10 minimum measures should be seen as a fundamental step to successfully navigate today's digital landscape, ensuring that organizations can face current and future cyber challenges with confidence and effectiveness.


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